Canaima National Park is a 30,000 km2 (12,000 sq mi) park in south-eastern Venezuela
that borders Brazil and Guyana. It is located in Bolívar State, and roughly occupies the same area as the Gran Sabana region. The park was established on 12 June 1962. It is the second largest park in the country, after Parima-Tapirapecó, and sixth biggest national park in the world. It is the size of Belgium or Maryland.
These constitute a unique biological environment and are also of great geological interest. Their sheer cliffs and waterfalls (including Angel Falls
, which is the highest waterfall in the world, at 1,002 metres (3,287 ft)) create spectacular landscapes. The most famous tepuis in the park are Mount Roraima, the tallest and easiest to climb, and Auyantepui
, the site of Angel Falls. The tepuis are sandstone and date back to a time when South America and Africa were part of a super-continent.
In 1994, the Canaima National Park was named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, as a natural reserve that has abrupt relief special and unique around the world, the tepuis.
Canaima has a varied fauna, which is distributed throughout the park according to multiple environmental factors such as altitude and vegetation type.
some of the species are: Giant Armadillo, Giant Otter, Giant Anteater, Cougar, Jaguar, Linnaeus's Two-toed Sloth, White-faced Saki, Brown-backed Bearded Saki, Roraima Mouse, Tyleria Mouse Opossum, Harpy Eagle, Red-shouldered Macaw, Dusky Parrot, Yellow-banded Poison Dart Frog, Green Iguana, Hummingbirds, Toucans, South American Bushmaster.
There are over 300 species endemic only in La Gran Sabana.
Endemic genera: Achnopogon, Chimantaea, Quelchia, Tepuia, Mallophyton, Adenanthe.
Abundant insectivorous species from the genera: Bromelia, Drosera, Heliamphora, Utricularia.
Canaima National Park Tourist Attractions
- Lagoon of Canaima
- El Sapo and El Sapito Falls
- Yuri Falls
- Mayupa Rapids
- Pozo de la Felicidad (Pit of the Happiness) (Saró Marú)
- Orquídea Island
- Ratón Island
- The Angel Falls or Korepakupai Vená
- The Auyantepuy
- Kavac indian village
- Cave Uruyén
- Kamarata indian village
- Wareipa indian community
- El Encanto Falls
- Avak indian community
- Roberto Beach
- Kanwaripa indian community
- Caroní River
- La Maloca indian village
- Kukenán Falls (in the Tepui Kukenán or Matawí)
- La Piedra de La Virgen (The rock of the virgin)
- El Danto Falls
- La Arenaria
- Monumento al Soldado Pionero
- Aponwao I River
- Tarotá Baths
- Toroncito Ravine
- Toron merú Falls
- Karuay Falls
- Chinak merú Falls (Aponwao falls)
- Chivatón Falls
- Mission of Kavanayen
- Kamoirán Rapids
- Kama merú Falls
- Arapán merú (Pacheco Ravine)
- Soruapa River or Woimeri
- San Francisco de Yuruaní Indian Community
- Kako Parú or Jaspe Ravine
- Urué merú
- Kukenán Bridge River
- Paraitepui Indian Community of Roraima
- Wonkén Indian Community
- Mount Roraima.