Located about 46 kilometers to the south-west of New Delhi, the Sultanpur National Park is a green heaven spread around the Sultanpur Lake covering a 359 acre area. Declared as a National Park in the year 1989, these grounds are lush with lawns, trees, shrubs and masses of bougainvillea. Essentially a bird watching place, the avifauna can easily be spotted wading, swimming or flying. Boating is restricted in the lake which allows the birds to continue with their natural activities without human interference.
Visitors are recommended to spend some time at the museum and small library provided by the Park authorities and acquaint themselves about the species of avifauna they are most likely to spot. A good pair of binoculars can also be acquired from this educational center which will help clearly observe wildlife from a safe distance without disturbing them. The Park authorities have also constructed Watch Towers in different locations of the Park in order to facilitate observation without upsetting the avian population’s natural routine. A perfect weekend destination for the urbanites, Sultanpur National Park is only 50 kilometers from New Delhi, and 15 kilometers from Gurgaon.
There are about 250 species of birds in the Sultanpur National Park including the migratory species coming here all the way from Siberia, Europe and Afghanistan. Some of the resident birds are the Common Hoopoe, Paddyfield Pipit, Purple Sunbird, Little Cormorant, Eurasian Thick-Knee, Grey Francolin, Black Francolin, Indian Roller, White-Throated Kingfisher, Spot Billed Duck, Painted Stork, White Ibis, Weaver Bird, Bank Mynah, Black Headed Ibis, Little Egret, Great Egret, Cattle Egret, India Crested Lark, Shikra, Eurasian Collared Dove, Red Collared Dove, Laughing Dove, Spotted Owlet, Red Vented Bulbul, Rose Ringed Parakeet, Red Wattled Lapwing, Rock Pigeon, Magpie Robin, Greater Coucal, Common Mynah and the Green Bee Eater.
A whopping 90 species of foreign birds flock here every year. Every winter all these birds unfailingly congregate at the Sultanpur National Park, which perpetually is a unique festival lasting for months to come. Some of the migratory birds found here include the Siberian Crane, the Greater Flamingo, Ruff, Black-Winged Stilt, Common Teal, Common Greenshank, Northern Pintail, Yellow Wagtail, White Wagtail, Northern Shoveler, Rosy Pelican, Gadwall, Wood Sandpiper, Eurasian Wigeon, Black Tailed Godwit, Eurasian Golden Oriole, Comb Duck, Blue Cheeked Bee Eaters and Cuckoos. Some animals are also spotted within the Park which includes the Blue Bull, Mongoose, Porcupine, Sambar & the Black Buck.
It is a large non-migratory crane found in many parts of the Indian sub-continent, south-east Asia & Australia. The Sarus Crane is the tallest of the flying birds reaching a height of 1.8 meters. Widely spotted in the Sultanpur National Park, these species of the open wetlands forage on marshes & shallow wetlands for roots, tubers, insects, crustaceans & small vertebrate prey. Overall grey in color with a contrasting red-head & upper neck, like all other cranes they form long lasting pair-bonds & maintain territories. Sarus Cranes are usually seen in pairs, or in small groups.