Spread over 820 square kilometer area within the three districts of Haridwar, Dehradun and Pauri Garhwal of Uttarakhand State in North India, the Rajaji National Park encompasses the Shivaliks, near the foothills of the Himalayas. Established as a National Park in the year 1983, these areas contain tropical and sub-tropical moist broad-leaf forests of the type particularly found in the Upper Gangetic Plains. The forest eco-systems of the Park are varied and diverse in nature and have many unique characteristics which significantly contribute towards the development of this region.
The physiognomy and floristic compositions of the Rajaji National Park are made up of Sal Forest, Mixed Forest, Riverine Forest, Scrub Forest, Grassland, and Sub-tropical Pine Forest. The dense green jungles of the Park are inhabited by an impressive array of animals which include 23 species of mammals and 315 species of birds. Major animal sightings for the visitors are the Bengal Tigers, Leopards, Asian Elephant, the Jungle Cat, Goral, Wild Boar, Indian Hare, Sloth Bear, Himalayan Black Bear, Jackal, Sambar, Barking Deer, Indian Porcupine, Rhesus Macaque, Indian Langur, Monitor Lizard, King Cobra and Python.
The Ganga and Song Rivers which flow through the Park are home to a wide variety of fishes like the Goonch, Trout, Kalabanse, Mahaseer and Chilwa. The avifauna found here includes a large number of Peacocks and numerous varieties of butterflies. The birds often sighted in the Park are the Rusty-Cheeked Scimitar, Babbler, Gloden-Spected Warbler, Chestnut Tailed Starling, Brown Hawk-Owl, Barbet, Kingfishers, Oriole, Keleej Pheasant, Woodpecker, Finch, Thrushes and a number of migratory species visiting during the season.
The Jolly Grant Airport at Dehradun is the closest at a distance of 33 kilometers from the Park. Haridwar is the nearest Rail-Head, 8 kilometers away, and which is well connected through road with most north Indian cities. Rishikesh, Kotdwar and a host of other attractions are scattered all around the Rajaji National Park.