Spread over a 78.81 square kilometer area, the Orang National Park is located on the north bank of the Brahmaputra River in the Darrang and Sonitpur Districts of the north-eastern Indian State of Assam. It was declared a National Park in the year 1999, although smaller is very similar to the Kaziranga National Park.
The landscape of the Orang National Park is also made up of marshes, streams and grasslands and which is largely inhabited by the Great Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros. The Park has a very rich vegetation of forests, natural forest, non-aquatic grasslands and plants.
Apart from the Rhinoceros, the Park contains significant breeding populations of several other mammalian species. These include the Royal Bengal Tiger, Asiatic Elephant, Leopard, Pygmy Hog, Indian Pangolin, Rhesus Macaque, Bengal Porcupine, Indian Fox, Small Indian Civet, Otter, Fishing Cat, Jungle Cat, the Hog Deer, Wild Boar and the Blind Gangetic Dolphins. The reptiles include seven species of Tortoises and Turtles, Indian Rock Python, Black Krait, King Cobra, Cobra and Monitor Lizard. Over 60 species of fishes have also been recorded in the rivers and channels flowing through the Orang National Park. Over 222 species of birds have been recorded in the Park which include, the Spot-Billed Pelican, White Pelican, Storks, Pintail, Hornbills, Eagles, Kingfisher, Woodpecker, the threatened Bengal Floricans and Ducks.
October to April is the best time to visit the Park which is well connected by roads with most of the other regions of Assam. Saloni is the nearest Airport (10 kilometers from Tezpur) and Rail-Head at a distance of 80 kilometers from the Orang National Park.
Great Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros
Listed as a vulnerable species this large mammal is primarily found in parts of north-eastern India and in the protected Terai region of Nepal. Their populations are however confined and located within the riverine grasslands situated amongst the foothills of the Himalayas. They are normally found to be weighing between 2260 kg to 3000 kg, and have an excellent sense of hearing and smell, but extremely poor eyesight. They can sprint up to speeds of 55 kilometers an hour at short distances and are also very good swimmers.