Spread over a 200 square kilometer beautiful and picturesque hilly area, the Kanger Valley National Park is a scenic beauty with a unique and rich bio-diversity. Located 27 kilometers south-east of Jagdalpur, which is the headquarters of Bastar in the Chhattisgarh State, Kanger Ghati attained the status of a National Park in the year 1982. Spread over an average 6 kilometer width, the Park runs almost 33.5 kilometers touching the Tirathgarh Waterfall on the Kolab River to the south-east near the Orissa State boundary.
The flora of this National Park mostly comprises of mixed moist deciduous type of forests predominantly made up of Sal, Teak and Bamboo trees. In fact, this National Park is one of the last pockets of virgin and untouched forests still left in the region of Peninsular India. Major wildlife of the Kanger Valley National Park includes the Tiger, Leopards, Mouse Deer, Wild Cat, Chital, Sambar, Barking Deer, Jackals, Langurs, Rhesus Macaque, Sloth Bear, Flying Squirrel, Wild Boar, Striped Hyena, Porcupine, Mongoose and Rabbits. Home to the Kanger River which flows throughout its length, the Park makes up for an exciting range and numbers of reptilian and amphibian wildlife that includes snakes like Python, Cobras, Crocodiles, Turtles and Monitor Lizards as well.
An interesting range of avian fauna found within the Park includes Hill Myna, Spotted Owlet, Red Jungle Fowls, Racket-Tailed Drongos, Peacocks, Parrots, Steppe Eagles, the Red Spur Fall, Phakta, the Bhura Teeter, Tree Pie, Herons and many more. However, the eastern half of the Park which is hilly, steep and untouched, is richer in wildlife than the western side so influenced by the human habitat.
Mouse Deer: Also known as Chevrotains, these are small ungulates which make up the Tragulidae family. They are solitary animals, or live in pairs and exclusively feed on plant material. The Asian species of these animals are found to be weighing ranging between 0.7 kilograms to 8.0 kilograms, and happen to be the smallest ungulates found in the world. The Kanger Valley National Park is home to this rare species where these short and thin legged animals with pig like features live and thrive within this region.