Gopalganj is a town, municipality and the headquarter of Gopalganj district in the Indian state of Bihar which got independence from the old Saran district (consisting of Chhapra, Siwan and Gopalganj) on October 2, 1973.
As of 2001 India census, Gopalganj had a population of 54,418. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Gopalganj has an average literacy rate of 63%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. The male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 55%. It is one of the largest sugarcane producers in India. It also produces the best tobaccos in the country. It is the birthplace of the famous politician and former Chief Minister of Bihar/ Railway Minister of India Laloo Prasad Yadav, best known for his unique accent and cunningness. Its the birthplace of Abdul Ghafoor, the only muslim chief minister of Bihar till date. It is also the birthplace of one of the first lady governor of India (Ram Dulari Sinha) and the only illiterate Chief Minister of Bihar, Rabri Devi. The district has provided the state with 3 chief ministers. Gopalganj is also famous for producing large number of IAS and IPS officers. The district is adjacent to the famous Valmiki National Park. Gopalganj is adjoined to the West Champaran district, the place where Mahatma Gandhi started his revolution for independence, the Satyagrah Andalon. One of the great hindu shrine, the goddess of thawe is located in this district. The temple has the head of the goddess. The other parts are on different places in India. One of her's body's part is in Assam and is famous worldwide as Kamakhya Temple.